Indrani Majumder, a shopper, buys greens from a roadside vegetable vendor in Kolkata, India, March 22, 2022. Image taken March 22, 2022. REUTERS/Rupak De Chowdhuri

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MUMBAI, June 15 (Reuters) – As India faces a crippling surge in meals and gas costs, its policymakers can be counting totally on this yr’s monsoon rains, not simply rate of interest hikes, to take inflationary stress off the nation’s households and companies.

Like its worldwide friends, the Reserve Financial institution of India is predicted increase charges aggressively over the following yr to take a number of the warmth out of costs, however the international drivers of the nation’s inflation imply there are limits to what home financial coverage can obtain, analysts say.

With 75% of India’s worth acceleration anticipated to come back from meals objects, the main focus for central bankers can be on the success of monsoon rains to spice up manufacturing and replenish stockpiles, which might ease provide constraints and anchor worth expectations.

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“Will financial coverage motion will be capable to include (meals inflation)? Very actually, it won’t,” mentioned Indranil Pan, chief economist at Sure Financial institution. “It is going to at finest include the second spherical implications and arrest the inflation expectations from transferring on the upper aspect.”

India’s retail costs rose 7.04% in Could year-on-year, information confirmed on Monday, slowing barely from April’s eight-year peak however nonetheless above the RBI’s 2%-to-6% goal band for a fifth straight. learn extra

Reuters Graphics

Present worth will increase, if sustained, would pile stress on the federal government and extra pressingly the central financial institution, which is politically accountable for prolonged breaches of the goal band.

Meals and gas are the 2 major sources of inflation in India and costs of most meals objects have shot up in latest months attributable to provide disruptions attributable to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, erratic climate and export curbs.

India meets two-thirds of its vegetable oil demand by way of imports. Sunflower oil imports from the Black Sea area have been crippled by the warfare whereas palm oil provides have been hampered by Indonesia’s export curbs.

“Till provides are restored on the earth market, costs won’t come right down to regular ranges,” mentioned B.V. Mehta, government director of Solvent Extractors’ Affiliation of India.


This places the burden on home manufacturing with hopes pinned on a standard monsoon season that would ease meals costs within the second half of the fiscal yr ending March 2023.

However up to now, rainfalls within the season beginning June 1 are 36% decrease than common.

“Vegetable costs jumped in the previous couple of weeks as a warmth wave broken crops,” mentioned Mahesh Shinde, a Pune-based vegetable dealer. “Now below-normal monsoon rainfall is delaying planting.”

India’s monsoon is essential for its farm output and financial development, with simply over half of arable land fed by rain.

If this yr’s monsoon disappoints, analysts consider the federal government can have restricted fiscal house to arrest costs.

The federal government final month restricted wheat and sugar exports and introduced a sequence of modifications to commodity tax constructions to insulate shoppers. learn extra

“The RBI foresees inflation staying above 6% within the first three quarters of this fiscal, amounting to 4 straight quarters of above-target studying,” mentioned D. Okay. Joshi, chief economist at score company CRISIL.

“If the barometer stays above goal for 3 consecutive quarters, the RBI is obliged to elucidate to the federal government”.


Whereas a great monsoon would carry some worth reduction, it’s a issue the central financial institution has no management over.

The world’s fifth-largest and second-most populous financial system has a troubled historical past with inflation: worth surges have created social and political instability previously that the Modi authorities can be eager to keep away from.

Authorities had been capable of preserve wheat and rice costs down, defying a world spike, due to a pandemic-era foodgrain distribution scheme.

Nevertheless, with that programme scheduled to finish in September – and grain shares now down practically 29% from a yr in the past – wheat costs might surge, a Mumbai-based supplier with a world agency mentioned.

India wheat costs

Compounding that drawback, the federal government’s wheat purchases from farmers have greater than halved this yr after heat-waves slashed output.

All of that dangers reviving the sort of worth pressures which have troubled politicians and bureaucrats previously.

India’s Congress get together, which dominated the nation more often than not since independence in 1947, misplaced energy within the 2014 normal elections primarily attributable to double digit inflation and corruption prices.

“Inflation measured by varied indices may be an summary idea for shoppers, however meals and gas inflation hit folks’s pocketbooks virtually each day,” mentioned Amitabh Dubey, a political analyst at analysis firm TS Lombard.

“Indian political historical past exhibits that meals inflation has an instantaneous and visceral influence on the political temper and is one thing the Modi authorities has to take very severely.”

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Reporting by Swati Bhat and Rajendra Jadhav; Enhancing by Sam Holmes

Our Requirements: The Thomson Reuters Belief Rules.

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