New Delhi: Chandigarh has remained a bone of competition between Punjab and Haryana as each have staked claims on the town as their state capital.

In December 2021, the clamour for giving freely the town to Punjab gained floor with Shiromani Akali Dal (SAD) president Sukhbir Singh Badal urging Prime Minister Narendra Modi to announce the switch of Chandigarh and Punjabi talking areas to Punjab throughout his go to on January 5.

Up to now, former chief minister Amarinder Singh additionally demanded the identical saying Punjab had a historic proper over Chandigarh saying numerous accords up to now had given Chandigarh to Punjab however they weren’t applied. Each states have remained at loggerheads over the claims resulting in territorial points.

How Chandigarh Got here Into Existence

Initially, Chandigarh was designed to switch Lahore, the capital of erstwhile Punjab, which turned a part of Pakistan in the course of the Partition. In March 1948, the Punjab authorities in session with the Centre accepted the realm of the foothills of the Shivaliks as the location for the brand new capital, in line with the official wesbite of the Chandigarh administration. The situation of the town web site was part of the erstwhile Ambala district as per the 1892-93 gazetteer of District Ambala, mentions the web site. The muse stone of the town was laid in 1952.

From 1952 to 1966 (until Haryana was carved out of Punjab), Chandigarh continued to be the capital of Punjab.

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Chandigarh Turns into A Shared Capital

Subsequently, on the time of reorganisation of Punjab in 1966, the town acquired the distinctive distinction of being the capital of each Punjab and Haryana, though it was declared a union territory and was positioned beneath the direct management of the Centre. It was determined that properties in Chandigarh have been to be divided in a 60:40 ratio in favour of Punjab.

What’s Punjab’s Declare?

Earlier, former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi additionally went on to announce that Haryana over a time period would have its personal capital and Chandigarh would go to Punjab. Based on the Instances of India report, the Centre had issued a proper communication on this facet on January 29, 1970.  This was nearly three years after Haryana was carved. “After very fastidiously weighing the claims of the 2 states, the capital challenge space of Chandigarh ought to, as an entire, go to Punjab,” says the observe talked about within the report. However the concern  remained unsolved. Underneath the Rajiv-Longowal accord in 1985, Chandigarh was once more to be handed over to Punjab on January 26, 1986, however the Rajiv Gandhi authorities ended up withdrewing it on the final minute.

What’s Haryana’s Stance?

Going by the 1970 paperwork, the Centre had mulled over a number of alternate options for resolving the matter, together with dividing the town. However it couldn’t occur due to feasibility concern since Chandigarh was a deliberate metropolis and constructed to function the capital of 1 state.

Haryana was requested to maintain utilizing the workplace and residential lodging in Chandigarh just for 5 years untill it shifts to its personal new capital. Infact, the Centre had provided a Rs 20 crore in grant and mortgage to Haryana for organising the brand new capital, in line with the federal government launch.

Later in 2018, Haryana CM Manohar Lal Khattar requested to create a particular physique for the event of Chandigarh, however the Punjab CM rejected it, saying the town “indisputably belonged to Punjab”.  

However, Haryana has been asking for a separate Excessive Court docket. The Haryana Meeting additionally handed a decision within the Vidhan Sabha demanding 20 rooms within the Vidhan Sabha advanced which have been ‘illegaly occupied’ by Punjab.

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