On Friday, the Supreme Courtroom dismissed a petition filed by Zakia Ehsan Jafri, spouse of the slain Congress chief Ehsan Jafri, who challenged the closure report filed by a Particular Investigation Workforce (SIT) that was constituted by the apex courtroom in 2008 to probe the 2002 Gujarat riots. The highest courtroom discarded her allegations a couple of bigger conspiracy by excessive authorities functionaries together with the then Gujarat Chief Minister Narendra Modi and 64 different accused individuals. Zakia Jafri had challenged the SIT report’s conclusion that there was “no prosecutable proof” towards the accused.
SITs are arrange by the Supreme Courtroom, and central and state governments to research severe crimes—which have bigger socio-political dimensions—when the present regulation enforcement or investigative companies are unsuccessful in conducting acceptable probes. SITs often probe riots and murders, mysterious disappearances and different crimes. Whereas there isn’t any regulation to stipulate the form of circumstances that ought to be given to an SIT, it’s completely as much as the courts to approve or reject the stories submitted by the SITs. Listed beneath are a number of main SITs constituted previously decade and their outcomes:
1984 Anti-Sikh Riots: In December 2018, the Supreme Courtroom accepted the central authorities’s suggestion that two of the SIT members supervising the investigation into the 186 circumstances of the 1984 anti-Sikh riots in Delhi, ought to proceed with their probe. On June 15 this yr, the SIT probing the mass killings throughout the anti-Sikh riots in 1984, arrested 4 males from Kanpur, who had allegedly set a constructing on hearth by which three individuals have been burnt to demise.
Black Cash: In July 2011, the Supreme Courtroom appointed a high-level SIT beneath the stewardship of former apex courtroom decide BP Jeevan Reddy to watch the probe and the steps being taken to carry again black cash stashed away in overseas banks. Eight years on, the SIT has submitted a number of standing stories to the apex courtroom that retains tabs on the case’s progress.
Aryan Khan drug case: A SIT constituted by the Narcotics Management Bureau to research a high-profile case discovered no proof that Aryan Khan, the son of actor Shah Rukh Khan, was half of a bigger medication conspiracy or a global medication trafficking syndicate. In its report, a part of which was leaked to the media in March 2022, the SIT additional indicated a number of irregularities within the raid performed on the yacht Cordelia that Aryan was arrested on October 3 final yr. He had spent over 20 days in Mumbai’s Arthur Street Jail, earlier than getting a clear chit from the Narcotics Management Bureau in Might.
Ishrat Jahan Raza probe: In November 2011, an SIT concluded that officers of the Ahmedabad Police Crime Department and Subsidiary Intelligence Bureau (SIB) had killed Ishrat Jahan Raza, a 19-year-old younger school scholar, in a pretend encounter in 2004. Final yr, a particular Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) courtroom in Ahmedabad discharged cops, together with G.L. Singhal, Tarun Barot and Anaju Chaudhary. The courtroom in its October 2020 order noticed that the accused officers had acted of their official duties, so the probe company required a sanction for prosecution beneath Part 197 of the Felony Process Code.
Nagaland killings: On Might 30, the SIT submitted its cost sheet to the District and Periods Courtroom within the Mon district by the extra public prosecutor, naming 30 military males, together with a Main. On December 4 final yr, the operation group that had laid an ambush at Longkhao between Higher Tiru and Oting village opened hearth at a pick-up automobile carrying labourers. The SIT investigation revealed that the operation group had not adopted the usual working procedures and resorted to indiscriminate and disproportionate firing that killed the six occupants of the automobile on the spot and grievously injured two others.
Kathua rape-murder case: In October 2019, a neighborhood courtroom in Jammu ordered police to register an FIR towards six members of the SIT of the Jammu and Kashmir crime department that probed the 2018 rape and homicide of an eight-year-old tribal lady in Kathua district for allegedly torturing and coercing witnesses to get their false statements. In December final yr, the Punjab and Haryana Excessive Courtroom granted bail to police sub-inspector Anand Dutta and head constable Tilak Raj, two of the six accused within the case, and suspended their remaining sentence.