On this article, varieties of works carried out in Assam beneath MGNREGA/MGNREGS are mentioned and for this, reference interval is 2019-20. The target is that readers can get an concept in regards to the varieties of works carried out within the State.  Just lately the state is within the information for peaceable completion of elections whereas in neighbouring State in West Bengal massive scale violence passed off.  

The Mahatma Gandhi Nationwide Rural Employment Assure Act (MGNREGA), whereas implementation within the area often known as Mahatma Gandhi Nationwide Rural Employment Assure Scheme (MGNREGS) is Indian laws handed on August 25, 2005.  

The MGNREGA supplies a authorized assure for 100 days of employment in each monetary yr to grownup members of any rural family keen to do public work-related unskilled handbook work on the statutory minimal wage. And for this they need to register and procure a job-card.  

MGNREGA is carried out by the Ministry of Rural Improvement (MoRD), Authorities of India. The classes of works beneath MGNREGA embody the next 

Class A: Public Works Associated to Pure Assets Administration inter alia embody – i) Water conservation and water harvesting buildings, ii) Watershed administration, iii) Micro and minor irrigation works, iv) Renovation of conventional water our bodies, iv) Afforestation, tree plantation and horticulture and so on.  

Class B: Particular person belongings In this class few examples are : i) Enhancing productiveness of lands of households laid out in Paragraph 5 via land growth and by offering appropriate infrastructure for irrigation together with dug wells, farm ponds and different water harvesting buildings, ii) Enhancing livelihoods via horticulture, sericulture, plantation, and farm forestry and so on.  

Class, C: Widespread Infrastructure Together with for DAY-NRLM Compliant Self Assist Teams: Works for selling agricultural productiveness by creating sturdy infrastructure required for bio-fertilizers and post-harvest services together with pucca storage services for agricultural produce.  

Class D: Rural Infrastructure- rural connectivity and so on.  

The MGNREGA is carried out in 32 districts of the state. As reference 2019-20 yr has been accepted and the most important initiatives carried out in all three ranges, that’s, Gram Panchayats, Panchayat Samities and Zilla Parishds have been offered right here in whole.  

The target right here is to offer an concept to the readers in regards to the main initiatives carried out within the state.  Angwanwadi or rural infrastructures had been created in all of the 32 districts and altogether 42 such initiatives had been accomplished. As drought proofing actions 1131 initiatives had been accomplished throughout the state. The state at all times suffers from floods, so flood safety is a crucial exercise.  

The info reveal that 1918 such actions had been accomplished in 2019-20 and 2911 variety of water conservation and harvesting buildings had been accomplished. Lastly, altogether 2863 rural connectivity had been constructed beneath MGNREGA.    

Relating to fisheries, the overall variety of initiatives accomplished had been 1419, 2776 micro irrigation initiatives had been accomplished and land degree initiatives accomplished had been 4261. Underneath works within the particular person class altogether 58,852 works had been accomplished. These are the  main actions carried out within the state in 2019-20 beneath MGNREGA.  

Earlier than conclusion, it’s pertinent to say that the common wage fee per day per individual (Rs.) in 2019-20 was Rs 192.97 in Assam. Complete expenditure throughout that interval was Rs 1,47,629.25 (Lakhs) and whole wages Rs 1,22,674.23 (Lakhs).  

Primarily based on this text, those that have an interest can take up additional analysis examine.   

Dr Shankar Chatterjee 

Former Professor & Head (CPME),NIRD & PR ( Govt. of India), Hyderabad

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