New Delhi

The Fee for Air High quality Administration (CAQM) has requested Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh to formulate a coverage to make sure steady provide of paddy straw for ex-situ utilisation and co-firing in thermal energy crops.

Co-firing of paddy straw pellets (as much as 10%) with coal in thermal energy crops is without doubt one of the necessary ex-situ stubble administration methods.

Paddy straw can be utilized in waste-to-energy crops, brick kilns and finish merchandise corresponding to pellets, bio-fuels (bio-ethanol, compressed bio fuel), particle board, panel furnishings and packaging materials.

Paddy straw burning in Punjab, Haryana, and Uttar Pradesh is a significant motive behind the alarming spike in air air pollution ranges within the nationwide capital in October and November.

Farmers set their fields on hearth to shortly clear off the crop residue earlier than cultivating wheat and potato.

Punjab generates round 20 million tonnes of paddy straw yearly. Haryana and eight NCR districts of Uttar Pradesh produce round 7.5 million tonnes and 0.75 million tonnes of paddy straw on a median.

The Nationwide Thermal Energy Company Restricted (NTPC), a possible main consumer of paddy straw in thermal energy crops, had earlier instructed the fee that it’s technically possible to co-fire paddy straw-based pellets (5% to 10%) together with coal.

It mentioned that efforts have been initiated for the use as much as 5 million tonnes of biomass pellets each year in 17 crops.

The air high quality panel has now directed the states to formulate a coverage framework for “guaranteeing assured and steady provide of uncooked materials to crops utilising paddy crop residue”.

It additionally requested the states to utilise paddy straw pellets in their very own thermal energy crops within the NCR area “since large high quality of straw is obtainable proximate to TPPs”.

States have been suggested to develop low-cost, long-term paddy straw storage amenities and facilitate organising of paddy straw pelletising items at strategic geographic areas to optimise provide chain logistics.

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