Agartala, Oct 25
The Karbong, a sub-tribe of Tripura’s Halam group, whose leaders have been as soon as amongst specifically invited friends on the erstwhile kingdom’s royal palace, at the moment are on the verge of extinction, specialists stated on Monday.
A mere 250-odd individuals belonging to the tribe now dwell in West Tripura and Dhalai districts, they stated.
“I can vividly bear in mind visiting the royal Ujjayanta palace at Agartala thrice throughout Durga Puja festivities when Bir Bikram Kishore Manikya Bahadur was the ruler,” stated Bishurai Karbong, an octogenarian from the tribal group.
Manikya rulers had tried to coach the Karbongs and organized for academics, but it surely didn’t work out nicely, stated Harihar Debnath, an professional on the sub-tribe.
Autonomous District Council had, in 1989, arrange a main college within the Karbongpara village but it surely began functioning solely in 1993.
Three academics have been appointed and 15 college students admitted to the varsity however most of them dropped out halfway, he stated.
Nestled in a tribal hamlet at Champak Nagar in Barmura ranges of West Tripura district, about 40 to 50 households of the Karbong sub-tribe at the moment are discovering it exhausting to make ends meet with lack of services comparable to academic institutes, healthcare and consuming water, whereas one other 10-15 dwell in neighbouring Dhalai district, officers stated.
“Hardly 250 individuals belonging to 60 to 70 households stay in Karbong tribe. Our inhabitants is getting lowered quick attributable to intertribal marriage, poverty and lack of correct training,” stated Rabimohan Karbong, an elder from the group.
Numbers have been coming down through the years, in line with tribal elders. Since Karbong is taken into account a sub-tribe regardless of having a language distinctly completely different from all different tribes, India’s Census doesn’t rely them individually.
In keeping with a 1940 gazette notification, there are 19 tribal teams in Tripura with the Karbong group being included within the Halam group. Not too long ago, they have been granted Scheduled Tribe standing by the Centre.
Endangered ‘Karbongs’ differentiate themselves from different indigenous tribal teams by means of their language, which is completely different from Kokborok, the lingua franca of most tribal teams in Tripura.
All of them profess Hinduism, specialists stated.
In keeping with UNESCO classification of languages, any language spoken by lower than 10,000 individuals is taken into account ‘probably endangered’.
Tripura Autonomous District Council (TTAADC) former government member Radhacharan Debbarma expressed concern over the current situation of the Karbong sub-tribe, which is “one of many micro tribal teams on the earth and prone to be extinct quickly until correct measures are taken to guard their id”.
“They need to be settled in a single place, their tradition and language must be preserved and jobs must be created for his or her livelihood”, Debbarma stated.
The group got here into the limelight just lately when the Excessive Courtroom of Tripura on October 18 requested the Centre and the state authorities to kind a crew of specialists to evaluate the current situation of the Karbong ethnic group and submit an affidavit on or earlier than November 9.
Taking cognizance of a report revealed in an area newspaper concerning the tribal group, Chief Justice Indrajit Mahanty fashioned a division bench to look into it.
In keeping with the 2011 census, Tripura had 36, 73,917 individuals, of which roughly 30 per cent have been from the 19 tribal communities. PTI