On October 17, 2020, Assam-Mizoram boundary dispute as soon as once more got here into the limelight following the violent clashes between the residents of the 2 states within the space near the border. 4 folks have been reportedly injured within the clashes. The boundary disputes between the 2 states have been suppurating for greater than 50 years now. 

Earlier, an analogous conflict came about between Karimganj (Assam) and Mamit (Mizoram) border areas on October 9, 2020, after Assam officers reportedly burnt down a farmhouse and crops. 

What led to the current clashes?

As per Mizoram’s civil society teams, the locals of Lailapur village, Cachar district, Assam have pelted stones on the on-duty personnel of Mizoram Reserve Battalion. 

Alternatively, these fees have been refuted by the Police Officers of Assam. They state {that a} group of unidentified miscreants from Vairengte, Kolasib district of Mizoram burnt retailers and hutments alongside the Nationwide Freeway-306 (earlier NH-54) in Lailapur.

Many imagine that the incident is the final result of the demolition of the makeshift hut which was utilized by the native volunteers close to Saihapui V. The village is situated close to to Vairengte (Mizoram) and adjoining to Karimganj (Assam).

Amid the pandemic, these native volunteers had been conserving a examine on the motion of the folks. The incident as described by the Mizoram civil society teams is a battle between unlawful immigrants from Bangladesh. They haven’t described it as Assam vs Mizoram warmth up. 

Significance of NH-306

The freeway is taken into account to be the lifeline of Mizoram, connecting it with the remainder of India by Silchar, Assam. 

Assam-Mizoram Border Dispute

The border dispute between Assam and Mizoram exits because the colonial period when the British Administration demarcated the inside strains on grounds of administrative wants. 

Assam was granted the standing of a constituent state in 1950, dropping its territory to the newly fashioned states inside its border areas between the Nineteen Sixties and the Seventies. 

Alternatively, Mizoram (earlier Lushai Hills) was a part of Assam which was later carved out as a Union Territory and later achieved statehood within the yr 1987 through the State of Mizoram Act of 1986. 

The 2 states share an inter-state border of 164.6 km. Cachar, Hailakandi and Karimganj districts of Assam shares border with Kolasib, Mamit and Aizawl districts of Mizoram. 

The boundary between the 2 states is a naturally occurring border having rivers, hills, valleys and forests. Many instances, the residents of the border areas cross to the opposite aspect because the border demarcation is not-so-clear. 

The 1875 and 1993 demarcation

The Authorities of Mizoram is of the view that the boundary needs to be demarcated as said within the 1875 notification, derived from the Bengal Jap Frontier Regulation (BEFR) Act, 1873, whereas the Authorities of Assam believes that the 1933 demarcation should be adopted. 

1875 notification- Marks a boundary between Lushai Hills from the plains of Cachar

1933 notification- Marks a boundary between Lushai Hills and Manipur. Mizo society was not consulted. 

The dispute between the 2 states is because of these demarcations.

Boundary points in Northeastern states:

In the course of the colonial rule, Nagaland, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya and Mizoram had been the a part of Assam which acquired separated one after the other forming new states. At present, Assam has boundary clashes with all of them. 

Boundary clashes between Assam and Nagaland

Nagaland and Assam share a boundary of round 500 km. Nagaland achieved statehood within the yr 1963 and was fashioned out of the then North-East Frontier Company. Since 1965, Assam and Nagaland borders have witnessed violent clashes and armed conflicts. The border dispute remains to be on within the Apex Court docket of India. 

Boundary clashes between Assam and Arunachal Pradesh

Assam and Arunachal Pradesh share a boundary of greater than 800 km. Arunachal Pradesh was granted statehood in 1987 by the State of Arunachal Pradesh Act of 1986. Since 1992, Assam and Arunachal Pradesh have witnessed violent clashes. Each the perimeters impose accusations of unlawful encroachment on one another. The boundary dispute is within the Supreme Court docket. 

Boundary clashes between Assam and Meghalaya

Assam and Meghalaya share a boundary of 844 km. Meghalaya grew to become an autonomous state (comprising United Khasi and Jaintia Hills and the Garo Hills districts) inside the state of Assam in 1970 and in 1972 it achieved statehood. The 2 states have 12 areas of disputes as per the state authorities of Meghalaya. 

Inter-state Border Areas

1- Assam and Nagaland – 512.1 km
2- Assam and Arunachal Pradesh – 804.1 Km
3- Assam and Manipur – 204.1 km
4- Assam and Mizoram – 164.6 km
5- Assam and Tripura – 46.3 km
6- Assam and Meghalaya – 884.9 km
7- Assam and West Bengal – 127.0 km

Border Disputes in North-Jap India

Listing of Main Inter-State Water disputes in India

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